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2015-10-21

文末へ移動するthat節

That節が主語の文を考えてみましょう。

(a) That even those people sometimes struggle is not surprising.
(b) That immigrant children gradually lose their mother tongue is often reported.

このような文のthat節は長くて多くの情報量を含んでいますので、文末に移動するのが普通です。
(c) It is not surprising that even those people sometimes struggle.
(d) It is often reported that immigrant children gradually lose their mother tongue.

また、名詞に接続する節ですが、情報量が多いときは名詞と離れて文末に移動します。
(e) The day when you’ll regret it will surely come.
(f) The day will surely come when you’ll regret it.

これは文末重点/文末焦点の法則と考えられます。

倒置

(a)のように主語に情報量が多いと、その部分は文末に移動して(b)のように倒置されます。
(a) Chinese, Koreans, Brazilians, Indonesians, and Filipinos are among them.
(b) Among them are Chinese, Koreans, Brazilians, Indonesians, and Filipinos.

次の例は同じように主語の情報量が多いので文末に移動しています。
(c) Faint grew the sound of the footsteps of my father.
(d) In a distant grave lies the body of the adventurous brave explorer.

練習問題:次の文の情報量の高い部分を文末に移動させて書き換えなさい。

(1) That she failed in the entrance examination surprised us.
(2) The time to decorate the house for Christmas has come.
(3) A rumor that the teacher is seriously ill has been circulating.
(4) The legend that he returned as a ghost grew.
(5) A vase full of roses and tulips was on the shelf.

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